SMALL STATES IN PUBLICATIONS
In what advocates are calling a "watershed moment" for climate litigation, Rhode Island's Democratic Attorney General Peter F. Kilmartin announced on Monday that the state has filed a lawsuit against 21 major oil companies—including BP, Chevron, ExxonMobil, and Shell—"for knowingly contributing to climate change, and causing catastrophic consequences to Rhode Island, our economy, our communities, our residents, our ecosystems."
'Watershed Moment for Climate Liability' as Rhode Island Files Historic Lawsuit Against 21 Big Oil Companies
This article presents a new contribution to the burgeoning body of comparative regionalism scholarship, within which small state regions have mostly been overlooked. It systematically examines four geographically proximate contemporary Caribbean regional systems, drawing on constructivist approaches in International Relations to frame and explore the dynamics of region-making/region-building by state actors and institutionalized, narrative-driven intergovernmentalism therein.
"The Pacific is one of the few places without a legal framework to resolve cross-border commercial disputes through international arbitration. This stifles the growth of its economies, as a credible dispute resolution and enforcement regime is fundamental to their ability to attract foreign direct investment and trade with countries in other parts of the world..."
"New Zealand lawyers have benefited for 30 years from attending trial skills enhancement programmes devised here. The learning by doing method under tuition of experienced lawyers and judges has been shows to markedly improve lawyers' confidence in conducting aspects of trial work more effectively be it leading evidence, cross examination, and addressing judges and juries. In more recent times the New Zealand Crown Law Office has led the development of a special programme aimed at lawyers practising in courts in Pacific Island countries. The number who have now attended the programmes with similar results being registered is substantial" - Sir Anand Satyanand
This book compares the conduct of civil cases in countries of the South Pacific. It explains the practical application of civil procedures in the context of the courts in which they operate. The text focuses on the rules that apply in the superior courts of Fiji, Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. An introductory chapter explains the origin of the rules and the factors that link and differentiate them. The preliminary considerations that should be weighed before proceedings are instituted are highlighted. In a separate chapter, the constitution and civil jurisdiction of the courts are explained. Legislative and case law developments are also discussed. The book also has a chapter on alternative ways of resolving civil disputes. The text describes recent changes to the rules and suggests further reforms that might be considered by South Pacific rule making bodies.
The book is designed for use by legal practitioners and scholars interested in civil procedure in the South Pacific region. It is also of use to teachers and students of South Pacific civil procedure, both at degree level and in professional legal training programmes.
Pacific cultures value fairness, equality, protection of the most vulnerable, helping and serving others, participation, dialogue and consensus building. These human rights values and principles are not foreign but are embedded in Pacific beliefs, laws and policies, and in international human rights instruments. They cut across priority sectors, including economic, social and cultural rights, and political and civil rights and freedoms.
This publication, Human rights in the Pacific – A situational analysis, provides a comprehensive analysis of the status of human rights in the Pacific region. Although it is not intended to be an assessment of the human rights situation in each country, it sheds light on human rights issues and gaps in countries, and provides information for decision-makers, including for planning action on government commitments to better protect, promote and advance human rights.
It is encouraging to note that in recent years many Pacific countries have made considerable efforts to meet human rights commitments and obligations, as well as ratify and report on core human rights treaties. Pacific Islands Forum Leaders, in their 2011 communiqué, noted the achievement of all Pacific states in reporting during the first cycle of the Universal Periodic Review. In May 2016, Samoa and Papua New Guinea became the last Pacific states to be reviewed under the second cycle of the Universal Periodic Review. All Pacific states submitted country reports and engaged in this process.
While considerable progress has been made, much work still needs to be done to promote and protect the human rights of all citizens. Awareness raising and human rights education and training are essential in this regard.
We hope Human rights in the Pacific – A situational analysis will serve as a useful resource for governments, partners, civil society groups and individuals working to promote human rights and build a sustainable future based on dignity and freedom for Pacific people.